What is Confirmation Bias in Organizational Behavior? PDF Book

Learn Confirmation Bias definition in organizational behavior with explanation to study “What is Confirmation Bias”. Study confirmation bias explanation with organizational behavior terms to review organizational behavior course for online MBA programs.

Confirmation Bias Definition

  • Tendency to seek out information that reaffirms past choices and to discount information that contradicts past judgments.

    Organizational Behavior by Stephen P. Robbins, Timothy A. Judge



Confirmation Bias Explanation

Confirmation bias is the tendency to search for, interpret, favor, and recall information in a way that affirms one's prior beliefs or hypotheses. It is a type of cognitive bias and a systematic error of inductive reasoning. People display this bias when they gather or remember information selectively, or when they interpret it in a biased way. The effect is stronger for desired outcomes, emotionally charged issues, and for deeply entrenched-beliefs. People also tend to interpret ambiguous evidence as supporting their existing position. Biased search, interpretation and memory have been invoked to explain attitude polarization (when a disagreement becomes more extreme even though the different parties are exposed to the same evidence), belief perseverance (when beliefs persist after the evidence for them is shown to be false), the irrational primacy effect (a greater reliance on information encountered early in a series) and illusory correlation (when people falsely perceive an association between two events or situations).

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