Bioinformatics: Definitions and explanations page 2 PDF Book

Learn bioinformatics terms with definitions and explanations, bioinformatics terminologies (Page 2) for science degree programs.


  1. What is Physical Map?
    The physical map provides information about the location of observable indicators on the dna and the ...
  2. What is Polytomy?
    Polytomy is defined as the internal node of a cladogram that has more than two immediate ...
  3. What is Position Specific Scoring Matrix?
    The position specific scoring matrix (pssm) is a matrix obtained from the probability of multiple aligned ...
  4. What is Positive Inside Rule?
    The positively charged residues found on the inside of membrane at the cytosolic side near the ...
  5. What is Posterior Probability?
    The posterior probability of a random event is the statistical probability that is assigned in the ...
  6. What is Proteome?
    The proteome is complete collection of expressed proteins found in an organism at a particular time ...
  7. What is Pseudoknot Loop?
    The nucleotides inside the hairpin loop base paired with nucleotides outside the hairpin loop, the structure ...
  8. What is Psi Angle?
    The angle of rotation formed between cα and c bond. ...
  9. What is Quartets?
    A quartet is an unrooted tree that has number of subsets of four leaves. the quartets ...
  10. What is Radiation?
    Radiation is a process in which an organism diversify immediately from an ancestral species into a ...
  11. What is Regulatory Elements?
    Regulatory elements are the sequences of dna that regulates the expression of coding genes through binding ...
  12. What is Root?
    The root is an internal node representing the most recent common ancestor of all elements that ...
  13. What is Rooted Tree?
    A rooted tree is a phylogenetic tree in which root represents the common ancestor of all ...
  14. What is Scaffolds?
    In genome mapping, a series of contigs are assembled into chromosomes moving in one direction and ...
  15. What is Second Order Markov Model?
    Second-order markov model is a probabilistic model in which the probability of next state to occur ...
  16. What is Sensitivity?
    Sensitivity is the criteria to check the accurcy of the algorithm. sensitivity is to predict all ...
  17. What is Sequence Identity?
    In comparison of two sequences, the number of matched residues are termed as sequence identity. for ...
  18. What is Sequence Similarity?
    When two sequences are compared, the number of residues (nucleotides in case of dna or rna ...
  19. What is Single Linkage Method?
    Single linkage method is the grouping method in which two most similar elements are combined. hence ...
  20. What is Specificity and Selectivity?
    Specificity is the ability of accurate algorithm to eliminate all the wrong results. the incorrect hits ...
  21. What is Supervised Analysis?
    The supervised analysis is an approach in which data is classified according to the already defined ...
  22. What is Synonymous Substitutions?
    A synonymous substitution is a change in nucleotide base pair in an exon of a gene ...
  23. What is Synteny?
    Synteny is the physical arrangement of the genes on a particular locus. in other words, if ...
  24. What is System Biology?
    The biological entities have highly organized, complex and integrated system, and the system of the biological ...
  25. What is Top Down Approach?
    It is a schismatic approach that combines all experimental data or information and then according to ...
  26. What is Transcriptome Analysis?
    Transcriptome analysis is high-throughput such as microarray analysis, study of the complete set of expressed rna ...
  27. What is Transduction?
    In horizontal gene transfer, if the genetic material is exchanged through viral infection, then it is ...
  28. What is Transformation?
    Transformation is the one of the process of horizontal gene transfer, in which incorporation of external ...
  29. What is Tree Topology?
    The particular branching structure of a tree is known as topology. the tree topology shows the ...
  30. What is Unrooted Phylogenetic Tree?
    An unrooted tree is an evolutionary tree in which root node is absent therefore, unrooted tree ...
  31. What is Unsupervised Analysis?
    The unsupervised analysis is an approach in which the elements of analysis are classified on the ...
  32. What is Value?
    The value is a unique id or information from which user can easily and rapidly access ...
  33. What is Zero Order Markov Model?
    Zero-order markov model is a stochastic model in which the probability of next state does not ...