Microbiology: Definitions and explanations page 5 PDF | Download eBooks

Learn microbiology terms with definitions and explanations, microbiology terminologies (Page 5) for science degree programs.


  1. What is Barotolerant?
    Barotolerant are those organisms that can tolerate high pressures. they do not necessarily require these high ...
  2. What is Basal Body?
    Basal bodies is an extremely conserved organelle of a cell that was discovered around 100 years ...
  3. What are Base Analogues?
    Base analogs are those molecules that have a structure similar to one of the nitrogenous bases ...
  4. What is Basement Membrane?
    Basement membrane is a fibrous extracellular matrix of tissue that splits the lining of external or ...
  5. What are Basic Dyes?
    Basic dyes are cationic and react with negatively charged materials. these dyes are available in synthetic ...
  6. What is Basic?
    Basic solutions are aqueous solutions that have fewer h+ions and more oh- ions. these solutions have ...
  7. What is Basidiocarp?
    Basidiocarp, also known as basidioma or basidiome, is the basidiomycete's fruiting body that consists of basidia. ...
  8. What are Basidiomycetes?
    Basidiomycetes are an impressive group of fungi as they illustrate remarkable adjustment skills to survive in ...
  9. What is Basidiospore?
    Basidiospores are reproductive spores that are produced by basidiomycetes fungi. these fungi are a grouping, which ...
  10. What is Basidium?
    Basidium is a structure (microscopic sporangium) that is present on fruiting bodies hymenophore. these are also ...
  11. What is Basophil?
    Basophils are those white blood cells that are found in many tissues in the body, although ...
  12. What is Batch Culture?
    Batch culture is a procedure that is used to cells or microorganisms. for growth of these ...
  13. What is Bdellovibrio?
    Bdellovibrio are those bacteria that can attack and prey on other gram-negative bacteria and they eat ...
  14. What is Benign Tumor?
    Benign tumors, as opposed to malignant tumors, do not invade or spread in the nearby tissues ...
  15. What is Benthic?
    Benthic habitat or benthic itself as a term means anything linked with or present on the ...
  16. What is Beta Oxidation?
    Beta-oxidation is a process, which involves catabolism of fatty acid molecules. fatty acids are broken down ...
  17. What is Beta-Lactamase?
    Beta-lactamases are enzymes that are resistant to the β-lactam antibiotics such as cephalosporins, carbapenems (ertapenem), penicillins, ...
  18. What is Binal Symmetry?
    Binal symmetry is a type of complex symmetry that is present in some viruses such as ...
  19. What is Binary Fission?
    Binary fission allows organisms to reproduce asexually. this type of reproduction is most common in bacteria ...
  20. What is Binomial System?
    Binomial system includes the binomial nomenclature, also known as binary nomenclature, which is a formal system ...
  21. What is Bioamplication?
    Bioamplification, also known as biomagnification, refers to a substance's increase of concentration as one moves up ...
  22. What is Bioaugmentation?
    Bioaugmentation or biological augmentation is the process in which bacterial cultures or archaea are added to ...
  23. What is Biocatalysis?
    Biocatalysis is used to refer the use of biological enzymes or microorganisms to speed up or ...
  24. What is Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD)?
    Biochemical oxygen demand, also known as biological oxygen demand, is the total oxygen that is dissolved ...
  25. What are Biochemical Pathways?
    Biochemical pathways are a series of chemical reaction that are taking place in a cell. the ...
  26. What is Biochemistry?
    Biochemistry, also known as biological chemistry, is the study of chemical processes taking place in the ...
  27. What is Biocide?
    Biocides are microorganisms or chemical substances that intend to destroy or exert an effect on any ...
  28. What is Biocrime?
    Biocrime is same as the assault crime, however, there is not use or knife or gun ...
  29. What is Biodegradation?
    Biodegradation is the breakdown of organic matter by microbes. this term is mostly used in reference ...
  30. What is Biodeterioration?
    Biodeterioration is the term that is defined as the food breakdown by organisms such as microorganisms. ...
  31. What is Bioenergetics?
    Bioenergetics is the biochemistry's branch that centers it focus on the transformation of energy by cells ...
  32. What are Bioethics?
    Bioethics is the study of debatable ethics in medicine and advances in biology. these ethics play ...
  33. What is Biofilm?
    Biofilms are a group of those microorganisms that can replicate on multiple surfaces. fungi, bacteria and ...
  34. What are Biofuels?
    Biofuels are that fuels that are manufactured by microorganisms. these are produced by biological organisms unlike ...
  35. What is Biogenesis?
    Biogenesis is the generation of new organelles or living organisms. louis pasteur is given the credit ...
  36. What is Biogeochemical Cycling?
    Biogeochemical cycle is a pathway in which chemical substances are cycled through biotic and abiotic compartments ...
  37. What are Bioinformatics?
    Bioinformatics is a combination of computer science, mathematics, biology, statistics and information engineering to interpret and ...
  38. What is Bioinsecticide?
    Biological insecticides are the toxins produced by living organisms or are living organisms themselves. the examples ...
  39. What is Biologic Transmission?
    Biological transmission is a type of transmission in which the pathogen's reproduction takes place with a ...
  40. What are Biological Safety Cabinets?
    Biosafety cabinets, also known as microbiological safety cabinet or biological safety cabinet, are ventilated laboratory workspaces, ...
  41. What is Bioluminescence?
    Bioluminescence is the emission and production of light by living organisms. this is a type of ...
  42. What is Biomagnification?
    Bio magnification or biological magnification/bio amplification is the increase of concentration of a substance or a ...
  43. What is Biomass?
    Biomass is the animal or plant material that is used to produce energy or produce heat ...
  44. What are Biomes?
    A biome is a community of animals and plants, which share the characteristics of the environment ...
  45. What is Biopesticide?
    Biopesticides are those pesticides that have been derived from natural materials such as bacteria, animals, plants ...
  46. What is Bioprospecting?
    Bioprospecting is the process of commercialization and discovery of new products that is based on biological ...
  47. What is Bioreactor?
    Bioreactors are referred to as any manufactured system or device that supports an environment that is ...
  48. What is Bioremediation?
    Bioremediation is a process that is used to treat the contaminated water, media, subsurface material and ...
  49. What is Biosensor?
    Biosensors are analytical devices that are used to detect a chemical substance, which combines a biological ...
  50. What is Biosphere?
    Biosphere is the global ecological system that integrates all living beings and their relationships, that includes ...
  51. What is Biotechnology?
    Biotechnology is the area of biology that involves organisms and living organisms to make or develop ...
  52. What is Bioterrorism?
    Bioterrorism is the deliberate use of microorganisms to cause death or ill effects to the targeted ...
  53. What is Biotic?
    Biotic factor or biotic components are living components of the ecosystem which affect other organisms. biotic ...
  54. What is Biotransformation (Microbial Transformation)?
    Biotransformation is a term that is used to describe a process in which the organic compounds ...
  55. What is Biovar?
    A biovar is a type of prokaryotic strain that is distinct in the biochemical composition and ...
  56. What is Blast (Basic Local Alignment Search Tool)?
    Blast (basic local alignment search tool) is an algorithm that is used for comparing the primary ...
  57. What is Blast Cell?
    Myeloblasts, also known as blasts, are the most immature cells in the body. the blasts percentage ...
  58. What are Blastospores?
    Blastospores, also known as blastoconidia, are asexual fungal spores that are produced by the process of ...
  59. What is Blocking Antibody?
    Blocking antibodies are those antibodies that do not have any reaction when they bind to the ...
  60. What is Bloom?
    Bloom, also known as algal bloom, is the rapid upsurge in the population of phytoplankton algae ...