Microbiology: Definitions and explanations page 8 PDF Book

Learn microbiology terms with definitions and explanations, microbiology terminologies (Page 8) for science degree programs.


  1. What are Coding Sequences (CDs)?
    A coding sequence (cds) is a region of rna or dna whose sequence regulated the sequence ...
  2. What is Codon?
    Codon is a three rna or dna nucleotides sequence that corresponds with a particular amino acid ...
  3. What is Coenocytic?
    Coenocytes serve as a single coordinated unit that is made of several cells linked functionally and ...
  4. What is Coenzyme?
    Coenzymes are tiny molecules that do not catalyze a reaction on they own but they assist ...
  5. What is Coevolution?
    Coevolution is the process in which two or more species are evolved in tandem by the ...
  6. What is Cofactor?
    Cofactors are coenzymes or metal ions, are organic or inorganic chemicals that help enzymes during the ...
  7. What is Cold Sterilization?
    Cold sterilization is a process of sterilization that uses the reusable semi-critical items to be immersed ...
  8. What is Colicin?
    Colicins are a type of bacteriocins that are produced by escherichia coli and can also be ...
  9. What is Coliform?
    Coliform bacteria are the gram-negative, rod-shaped bacteria and non-spore bacteria, which may be motile or non-motile. ...
  10. What is Colilert Defined Substrate Test?
    The colilert test uses defined substrate technology (dst) to detect e.coli and total coliforms simultaneously. mug ...
  11. What is Colinear?
    Colinear or colinearity, in molecular genetics is the correspondence among the sequence of messenger rna (mrna), ...
  12. What is Colonization?
    Colonization is the first stage of microbial infection. it is the establishment of the pathogen at ...
  13. What is Colony Forming Units (CFU)?
    Colony-forming unit (cfu) is a unit that estimates the number of viable fungal or bacterial cells ...
  14. What is Colony Stimulating Factor (CSF)?
    Colony stimulating factors (csfs) are the secreted glycoproteins that bind to protein receptors on the hemopoietic ...
  15. What is Colony?
    Colony is defined as numerous individual organisms, especially of the same species, living together in a ...
  16. What are Colorless Sulfur Bacteria?
    The colorless sulfur bacteria are present in freshwater and marine sediments, waste water treatment systems and ...
  17. What is Colostrum?
    Colostrum is the initial type of milk that is produced by the mammary glands of mammals ...
  18. What is Combinatorial Biosynthesis?
    Combinatorial biosynthesis is the application of genetic engineering to alter biosynthetic pathways to products that are ...
  19. What is Cometabolism?
    Cometabolism is the term used to define the process of degradation of two compounds simultaneously. in ...
  20. What is Commensal?
    Commensals are the organisms, which live on other organisms, derive some benefits from the relationship, and ...
  21. What is Commensalism?
    Commensalism is a kind of relationship between organisms of two species in which one species acquires ...
  22. What is Common Vehicle Transmission?
    Common vehicle transmission is a term that is used to describe the spread of pathogen to ...
  23. What is Common-Source Epidemic?
    Common-source epidemic is a term that is used to describe an epidemic of a disease and ...
  24. What is Communicable Disease?
    Communicable diseases are the diseases that spread from one person to another via multiple ways such ...
  25. What is Communicable Infection?
    Communicable infections are the ones that have a capacity to spread from one organism to other. ...
  26. What are Community Genome Arrays?
    Community genome arrays are the microarrays that uses genes to prepare the probes and the genes ...
  27. What is Community?
    Community or biological community is a group of various species interacting in a common location. for ...
  28. What are Comparative Genomics?
    Comparative genomics is a field that is related to the research in biology and compares the ...
  29. What is Compartmentation?
    Cell compartmentation is a term used to refer the functioning of organelles in a eukaryotic cell ...
  30. What are Compatible Solutes?
    Compatible solutes or osmoprotectants are small organic molecules of low toxicity with a neutral charge at ...
  31. What is Competence (of a Bacterial Cell)?
    Competence, in microbiology, is the cell's ability to modify its genetics by taking up extracellular or ...
  32. What is Competent Cell?
    Competent cells are those cells that can incorporate foreign dna in to their genome. e.coli cells ...
  33. What is Competition?
    Competition is a type of interaction between species or organisms in which both species or organisms ...
  34. What is Competitive Exclusion Principle?
    Competitive exclusion principle is a term that refers to the two organisms that are competing in ...
  35. What is Competitive Inhibition?
    Competitive inhibition, in microbiology, is a term that refers to the control process, which relies on ...
  36. What is Competitive Inhibitor?
    Competitive inhibitors are from the category of enzymes called reversible inhibitors. reversible inhibitors dissociate the enzyme-inhibitor ...
  37. What is Complement System?
    The complement system is immune system's part that augments the ability of phagocytic cells and antibodies ...
  38. What is Complement?
    Complement is a complex of 30 protein or more that act in an arrangement to get ...
  39. What are Complementarity Determining Regions (CDRs)?
    Complementarity determining regions (cdrs) are the binding sites for the specific antigens in immunoglobulins and t ...
  40. What is Complementary DNA (cDNA)?
    In genetics, the dna synthesized from a messenger rna (mrna) or a microrna (in general from ...
  41. What is Complementary?
    A complementary strand refers to the strands of the dna, as each strand has the complementary ...
  42. What is Complex Media?
    A complex medium is a combination of sugar and extracts, resulting in a medium, which is ...
  43. What are Complex Viruses?
    Complex viruses are those possessing a capsid (neither helical nor exactly icosahedral) and may have a ...
  44. What is Compound?
    Compound is the term used for a chemical substance that is made up of many identical ...
  45. What is Compromised Host?
    A compromised (or immunocompromised) host is a term used to refer to an individual who has ...
  46. What is Concatemer?
    A concatemer is a continuous long dna molecule, containing several copies of the same dna sequence, ...
  47. What is Concentration?
    The term concentration, in chemistry, is used to describe the abundance of a constituent in comparison ...
  48. What are Conditional Mutations?
    Conditional mutations can be described as those mutations, which have a less severe (wild type) phenotype ...
  49. What is Confocal Microscope?
    Confocal microscope is a light microscope, which provides an increased optical resolution and contrast of a ...
  50. What are Conidia?
    A conidium (plural conidia) is an asexual chlamydoconidium or chlamydospore. it is actually a non-motile, asexual ...
  51. What is Conidiophore?
    Conidiophores are special spore producing hyphae of fungi. they produce asexual spores called conidia. the conidiophores ...
  52. What is Conidiospore?
    A conidiospore is a unicellular spore that is asexually produced by the hyphae of certain fungi. ...
  53. What are Conjugants?
    Conjugants are either of the pair of two gametes or organisms that are conjugating. conjugation is ...
  54. What is Conjugate Redox Pair?
    Conjugate redox pair is a term that denotes an electron donor and its corresponding electron acceptor ...
  55. What is Conjugation?
    Conjugation is the process by which genetic material is transferred from one bacterium to another through ...
  56. What is Conjunctivitis?
    Conjunctivitis is an infection of the eye that causes an inflammation is swelling of the conjuctiva. ...
  57. What is Consensus Sequence?
    In molecular biology, the consensus sequence is the calculated order of most frequent residues found at ...
  58. What are Conserved Hypothetical Proteins?
    Conserved hypothetical proteins are those proteins that are found in organisms from several phylogenetic lineages, but ...
  59. What is Consortium?
    A consortium is an association of two or more individuals, who participate in a common activity ...
  60. What is Constitutive Enzyme?
    Constitutive enzymes are those enzymes produced in the cells in constant amount. the production of constitutive ...