Microbiology: Definitions and explanations page 9 PDF Book

Learn microbiology terms with definitions and explanations, microbiology terminologies (Page 9) for science degree programs.


  1. What is Constitutive Gene?
    A constitutive gene as opposed to a facultative gene is continually transcribed. while a facultative gene ...
  2. What is Constitutive Mutant?
    Constitutive mutants are those strains in which a protein is continuously produced, which in wild is ...
  3. What are Constructed Wetlands?
    A constructed wetland is an artificial wetland, created intentionally for one or more purposes. such a ...
  4. What is Consumer?
    In biology, consumer is a term for an organism that cannot manufacture its own from inorganic ...
  5. What is Contact Transmission?
    Infectious diseases or contagious diseases when transmitted from person to person through direct contact, is termed ...
  6. What is Contagious?
    A disease that can be transmitted from one living being to another, either through direct or ...
  7. What is Contaminant?
    A contaminant is anything whose presence makes a place or a substance (e.g., food, air or ...
  8. What are Contigs?
    A set of overlapping dna segments that together represent a consensus region of dna, is termed ...
  9. What is Continuous Culture System?
    The continuous culture system is initiated as a batch culture where the growth continues through the ...
  10. What is Continuous Culture?
    Continuous culture of microorganisms is a method to increase the prominence in the field of microbiology. ...
  11. What is Continuous Feed?
    Continuous feed is a term used to describe the constant rate at which carbon source is ...
  12. What is Contractile Vacuole?
    Contractile vacuole is an organelle that is involved in the process of osmoregulation. it is usually ...
  13. What is Convalescence?
    Convalescence is a steady recovery of strength and health after injury or illness. it refers to ...
  14. What is Convalescent Carrier?
    Convalescent carriers are the ones who have recovered from their disease or illness, however, they are ...
  15. What is Cooperation?
    Cooperative interactions take place when a change that is positive, for one component also upsurges the ...
  16. What is Coral Bleaching?
    Coral bleaching is a process that occurs when algae is expelled by the coral polyps which ...
  17. What is Core Genome?
    The core genome is the set of those genes that are common in all strains of ...
  18. What is Corepressor?
    Corepressor is a substance that stops or prevents the expression of genes. corepressors are small molecules ...
  19. What is Cosmid?
    Cosmids are hybrid plasmids that contain a cos sequence of lambda phage. the dna sequences of ...
  20. What is Covalent Bond?
    Covalent bond, also known as a molecular bond, is a chemical bond and involves the electron ...
  21. What is Crenarchaeol?
    Crenarchaeol is a glycerol diphantanyl glycerol tetraether (gdgt) lipid of biological membrane. it has a unique ...
  22. What is Crista?
    Cristae (plural) are the folds of the mitochondrion's inner membrane. crest or plume are the latin ...
  23. What are Cryptidins?
    Cryptdins are the defensins of mammals and belong to the alpha subfamily that are produced within ...
  24. What is Crystallizable Fragment (Fc)?
    The fragment crytallizable region (fc region) is the region present on an antibody in a form ...
  25. What is Culture Medium?
    Culture medium, also known as growth medium, is a liquid, solid or semi-solid designed to sustain ...
  26. What is Culture?
    A culture, microbial or microbiological culture, is a technique that helps to multiply the microorganisms by ...
  27. What is Curd?
    Curd, a dairy product, is obtained by the process of curdling in which it is made ...
  28. What is Curing?
    Curing is a process in which the bacterial cell loses its plasmid. there are multiple methods ...
  29. What is Cutaneous?
    The cutaneous membrane is the technical term used to refer to our skin. the human skin ...
  30. What are Cyanobacteria?
    Cyanobacteria constitute a large phylum of gran negative bacteria, also termed as cyanophyta. they are the ...
  31. What is Cyanophycin?
    Cyanophycin is a polypeptide-like, non-protein storage material that is rich in nitrogen, found in heterotrophic bacteria ...
  32. What is Cyclic Dimeric Gmp (c-di-GMP)?
    Cyclic dimeric gmp (c-di-gmp) is a bacterial second messenger. it regulates bacterial biofilm and sessility. replication ...
  33. What is Cyclic Photophosphorylation?
    Cyclic photophosphorylation is the process of the synthesis of atp, coupled with electron transport. this cycle ...
  34. What is Cyst?
    In biology, cyst is a term applied to a thin walled cavity or hollow organ (a ...
  35. What is Cysticercus?
    Cysticercus is the scientific name for the young larval tapeworms that belong to the genus taenia. ...
  36. What is Cytochrome?
    Cytochromes are those proteins, which contain heme as a cofactor. these are generally classified depending upon ...
  37. What is Cytokine?
    Cytokines are a group of proteins that are secreted by the specific cells of the immune ...
  38. What is Cytokinesis?
    Cytokinesis is a stage during the process of cell division, in which the cytoplasm of a ...
  39. What is J Chain?
    Chain is a small molecule that has a high sulfhydryl concentration that helps to secure the ...