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Chloramphenicol Definition and Explanation PDF | Download eBooks

Learn Chloramphenicol definition in microbiology with explanation to study “What is Chloramphenicol”. Study chloramphenicol explanation with microbiology terms to review microbiology course for online degree programs.

Chloramphenicol Definition:

  • A broad-spectrum antibiotic that is produced by Streptomyces venezuelae or synthetically; it binds to the large ribosomal subunit and inhibits the peptidyl transferase reaction.

    Prescott's Microbiology 9th Edition by Joanne Willey, Linda Sherwood, Christopher J. Woolverton



Chloramphenicol Explanation:

Chloramphenicol is an antibiotic with the chemical formula (C11H12Cl2N2O5). Produced either from the bacterium Streptomyces venezuelae or synthetically, Chloramphenicol is used for a variety of bacterial infections. A common example is an eye ointment for the treatment of conjunctivitis. In oral or injection form, the antibiotic is used for the treatment of plague, typhoid fever, cholera and meningitis.

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